We asked some educators at three community colleges and one 4-year institution about the status of their turfgrass programs. The questions were: ·What is the trend in your turf program enrollment numbers—up, down or steady ·What are some of the reasons your students give for wanting to study turf management ·Have you made recently, or are you anticipating making in the near future, any changes to your program? If so, what and why ·What is your opinion on how turf management will be taught 10 years in the future?

Report: status of small school turfgrass education programs

We asked some educators at three community colleges and one 4-year institution about the status of their turfgrass programs. The questions were:

·         What is the trend in your turf program enrollment numbers—up, down or steady?

·         What are some of the reasons your students give for wanting to study turf management?

·         Have you made recently, or are you anticipating making in the near future, any changes to your program? If so, what and why?

·         What is your opinion on how turf management will be taught 10 years in the future?

Chad Follis, Mineral Area College
Park Hills, MO

Follis is a horticulture instructor, greenhouse supervisor and baseball field manager.

1. Overall enrollment in horticulture is up. Those students wanting turf specific is steady this year. 

2. Many of the anticipated answers are love of sports, love of outdoors, working with hands and equipment. In our rural area of southeast Missouri, turf management is still growing and new so there is some aspect of novelty also in the mix.    

3. We have increased our end of program testing to assure employers and 4-year colleges our students are meeting necessary competencies. We also put in a NTEP-style variety trial over the past 2 school years. We now have 50 bermudagrasses, 13 zoysia and eight buffalo, two St. Augustine, and two paspalum. We also installed 100+ cool-season grasses. All the basics, KYB, PRG, TTF, FF, Bent and a few outside the norm like faults alkali, poa triv, poa supina, micro clover. The students got behind this project. It allowed us to teach establishment of the various grasses and gave the students some hands on experience using equipment such as vertislicers, aerators, etc. Thanks to all the folks that helped us with samples of live warm seasons and seed, too many to mention in this space. We are also trying to work out articulation with a couple 4-year institutions to smooth the transition process. 

4. More and more online distance delivery of education. Students don’t want to come to campus or at least want to limit the amount of trips per week. We have to determine how to deliver a hands-on outside careers driven education via a computer screen. How do we engage students fully, not just pass along PowerPoint slides? I also see STMA becoming more involved in how and what we teach in the classroom much in the model of the GCSAA. I think this will allow for increased matching competencies across the industry, which strengthens the knowledge base and gives employers the assurance they are getting individuals that can make a difference in their facilities immediately.

Troy McQuillen, Kirkwood Community College

Cedar Rapids, IA

McQuillen is a turf instructor.


1. Numbers are remaining steady, but something that is changing is the number of students that are expressing interest in sports turf management. Currently I have 55 students in the program and I could say that 70% express interested in golf course maintenance and the other 30% are pursuing a sports turf career. This percentage is up from past years. I attribute this to increased sports turf opportunities in our area, having student participate in the STMA Conference, and shifting more curriculum and course competencies toward the sports turf experience. 

2. Usually I ask the same question when a potential student enters my office for the first time. I would say the most common response is that the student likes the “hands on” portion of the career and the applied education. Students also comment on wanting to work outside, having a passion for the sport, or in some cases have worked a summer job involving a sports turf experience. They come to Kirkwood wanting more knowledge. 

3. Every year the Kirkwood sports turf program hosts area sports turf managers for a 1-day advisory committee meeting. These members provide both curriculum and lab experience suggestions to our program so that the education and staying competitive with the industry.  Besides the Athletic Field Maintenance class, students in our programs also take Irrigation Installation and Design, Intro to Turfgrass, Horticulture Math, Advanced Turfgrass, and Plant Material Maintenance among other classes that make up the 68-credit curriculum. Recently we have made changes to our internship where students are now required to complete an internship packet, followed by a presentation that identifies internship competencies they need to complete while on the internship, and then share that information with the incoming freshmen. We are also adding more transfer level coursework for those students that have an interest in pursuing 2 more years after Kirkwood. These classes include Chem 2, Organic chem, Comp 2, etc. 

The advisory committee and I also have been discussing the potential of an Advanced Soil Fertility and Chemical Reaction class. What I really like about the community college curriculum is that changes are not difficult to make and the advisory committee keeps up on the same track as the industry.   

4. Good question. I see a lot more online training for either current credit students, or as a refresher course for existing industry professionals. The difficult aspect of online education is the “hands-on” factor. For me I always find it difficult to teach an objective without the hands-on lab activity. 

I see 2-year institutions working closer with universities to make sure our students have the best transfer route. (We have made great progress already with this). In the near future for Iowa there will be a student shortage. In the state of Iowa the next largest senior classes are now in kindergarten! There will be a competition for students. I think that high schools need to provide more horticulture courses for students that also include sports turf topics to let students know that these [offer] realistic careers. 

I also see our curriculum having to make some adjustment with not only teaching students about sports turf, but also more coursework on facilities management, engineering, and lots of MATH. Sports turf managers are expected to perform it all, and we need to back it up with qualified training.


Brian Scott, Mt. San Antonio College

Walnut, CA

Scott is a professor of horticulture. 


1. It is difficult to get accurate figures for the number of students specifically in the turf program due to the way majors are reported on. Our typical student usually comes in with an unrelated declared major, or as a declared Horticulture Science major. It is quite a process for them to change their declared major and sometimes changing the declared major impacts their financial aid. So, with that said, I will give you some information based on Certificates, Degrees and general observations. It is also important to understand that our typical student is around 30 years old, has a family and works either part or full time and attends school part time. I have students ranging in age from 18 to 70 years old, multi-racial, male and female. A quite eclectic bunch!

I have been at Mt. SAC going on 12 years. When I started we did not have a degree in Sports Turf Management. I implemented the Park and Sports Turf Management degree in 2003. Since that time we have awarded seven degrees. The certificate in Sports Turf Management, in the same time frame, has been awarded to 33 individuals. This certificate encompasses the core courses minus the general education requirements.

In just looking at ‘completers’, there is a steady trend. I can’t say numbers are up or down. The most certificates we awarded in one year were eight in 2008-2009. The least was one in 2004-2005. Degrees have been fairly consistent with 1 per year. 

My general observations are that the program is gaining interest and enthusiasm to a higher degree every year. We have been taking eight students to compete in the STMA Student Challenge every year since 2009. Last year we had 12 students participate. When we first started, I had trouble getting four students to compete. Now we have tryouts and give them qualifying exams. I don’t require that they are majoring in Sports Turf Management. In fact, I use the competition as more of a way to promote the sports turf industry. Many of the students have decided to seek employment in the sports turf industry after they go to the national conference and see what it is all about. By this measure, I would say that our program is growing and will continue to do so in the future. Our local industry is consistently seeking people who have knowledge of athletic field management.

2. This past spring (2012), we conducted some student focus groups to answer this type of question as well as several others. While the students who participated were from various disciplines within the Agricultural Sciences Department, I think the answers accurately reflect how students in every discipline within our department feel.

Participants  described  several  attributes  about  the  program  that  are  working  well  and  should  be maintained:

·         Hands on/practical experiences

·         Ample   industry   contacts,   networking   opportunities,   information   about   trends   and   job opportunities

·         Teachers who are caring, down-to-earth, knowledgeable, and who convey their love for what they do

·         Pride in the program among students and faculty

·         Variety of classes/new computer-aided drafting course

·         Good use of limited resources

·         Everything!

Participants also stated what aspects of the program are less successful, offering program personnel opportunities to improve by:

·         Incorporating technology in courses/program

·         Developing more design/drawing curricula, as well as more advanced curricula

·         Using industry trends to drive offerings

·         Addressing class scheduling/availability

·         Increasing program’s limited resources

·         Having more voice-of-the-student opportunities

This is all fairly general information. The students who specifically go into turf management typically like the environment of being around sports and like being outside. Also, it gives them an opportunity to take pride in their accomplishments.

3. We have recently changed our certificate program to be much more specialized. For instance, our sports turf certificate used to require 30 units of courses. Now it is 18. Our previous philosophy in our certificate programs was that we wanted to make sure students had a very broad knowledge base for all certificates. Now we feel that it is more important to provide certificates for very specialized subject matters. We also provide more certificates now (was 9, now 12) and have included a general Horticulture Science certificate for those who want to go wide but not as deep. We hope this will allow students to achieve certificates in a shorter time frame.

4. I see turf management, just like many other subjects, being taught from more of a “soft skills” and thinking on your feet mentality. When I first started teaching, I put so much emphasis on the details of the trade (for example, disease, insect and weed identification; fertilizer programs, etc.). As I have traveled and had discussions with many turf managers in different regions, it seems like all of the details change from site to site, region to region. It is impossible to consider all of the scenarios. Now, I do recognize the importance of the details, especially to universities who are training researchers. At the community college level, however, I don’t see this as being one of my missions. I sure what them to understand the basics, and even the details when I think it will be extremely relevant. But I keep asking myself what details I remember from my college education. It was that I was taught how to think like a diagnostician, how to be a professional on all levels, and how to be resourceful. This sounds pretty basic, but the challenge for the future for me is developing curriculum that incorporates these concepts with the technical knowledge that students need to have when beginning their careers in sports turf management.


Doug Linde, PhD, Delaware Valley College

Doylestown, PA

Linde is professor of turf management at this 4-year college in southeastern PA.

1. We are staying steady around 30 total students. That number has been around 30 for the past 5 years. Most of our students are 19-22 years of age.

2. Like playing golf and want to work outdoors. Like sports and want to work outdoors on a sports field [are the major reasons].

3. I’m sensing in the near future we will have students take more basic sciences and less specialty classes. This will result in a more broad-based science education that would give them more flexibility in case of a career change. New graduates have no problem getting jobs upon graduation as long as they have work experience; however advancement to head field manager and head superintendent is much more difficult. So some graduates are switching careers. We also will be redesigning our required internship program to increase the academic rigor.

4. Professors will need to continue to adapt to the learning styles and preferences of the students. 18-22 year-old students’ learning preferences will likely change due to technology, their habits, and teaching techniques they witness in high school. Also, students need professors less and less for the information about a subject. They need professors to evaluate information and use it to solve problems.


Student to student

By Sam Titchener


I am a 23-year-old 5th year Turfgrass and Sports Field Management student at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo in California. The purpose of writing this piece is to address the current and prospective turfgrass students to share some of my experiences and hopefully open the door for other students to do the same in the future. I believe that student members represent a very important demographic of the STMA, and my goal is to see more interaction and networking between students on a national level. Although we come from different walks of life, and go to schools all over the map, we are tied together by our passion for turf and our desire to make a career out of it. I think it’s important as students to make our voice heard and show the industry how much we care!

I have loved maintaining baseball fields since I was 15 years old. During my time in school, I have done two internships, one with the San Francisco Giants, and one in Phoenix Arizona at the Oakland A’s spring training complex. I have also spent hundreds of hours working to help maintain the Cal Poly baseball field. As many of you would agree, a lot of the learning that happens in college comes outside of the classroom, as has been the case for me. I am a member of the Northern and Southern California chapters of STMA, and I will be graduating this June. My ultimate dream is to become a head groundskeeper in Major League Baseball.

I would like to humbly offer a few pieces of advice to young and incoming turf students. Firstly, get involved early and often, don’t wait until your third or fourth year to get involved. Find any way you can to work on your school’s athletic fields, golf course, research plots, etc. For me, I volunteered for more than 3 years at the Cal Poly baseball field before they began to pay me. Volunteering is a good way to find out how passionate you really are, because the only reward you get is intrinsic. Another great way to get involved is to join your local STMA chapter; they often offer really fun, hands-on field days, and in many cases they give scholarships. During my time in college, the Northern California chapter of STMA has given me nearly $3,000 worth of scholarships, and the Southern California chapter has generously sponsored the Cal Poly student challenge team.

My next bit of advice may feel like I’m beating a dead horse, but needs to be said: networking is absolutely essential to your success in pretty much every potential career path. Use the STMA membership directory to contact as many people as you can. I have found that the majority of the time, turfgrass professionals are more than happy to offer advice and suggestions, and possibly even offer you a job. Don’t be afraid or intimidated to email high profile turf managers and ask questions, they are usually very friendly and happy to talk.

My last bit of advice goes hand in hand with networking, and that is to really hone your communication skills. Some of the things you should work on are speaking in front of audiences, sounding professional in emails, and phone calls, and always keeping your word when you say you will do something. If you establish a reputation for always following through, it will really open a lot of doors for you. On the flip side, if you are known as somebody who is unreliable, it could be very hard to overcome. If you make it a goal to really market yourself as a professional, I think you will find that your peers, supervisors, professors, and coaches will really embrace you and treat you with respect.

As turf students, we are very lucky to have the opportunity to be a part of the STMA; it is a great forum for us to interact with the professionals in our industry. Ultimately I would love to see more student involvement in the STMA and I hope this article will help inspire that at least a little. I look forward to seeing everyone in Daytona Beach this January.